S&P 500 Cash Balances and Debt Levels

S&P 500 Cash Balances and Debt Levels During the past 12 months, non-financial S&P 500 cash balances have declined by -11% and debt levels have inflected higher by +9%. Image: Goldman Sachs Global Investment Research

Central Bank Ownership of Domestic Government Debt

Central Bank Ownership of Domestic Government Debt This chart shows the rise of central banks as holders of sovereign debt, pushing sovereign yields to historically low levels. Image: Deutsche Bank Global Research

FINRA Margin Debt and 12-Month Z-Score

FINRA Margin Debt and 12-Month Z-Score The 12-month z-score for margin debt dropped to its deepest oversold level since October low, which is a contrarian bullish signal for stocks. Image: BofA Global Research

Federal Debt Held by Public and Annual U.S. Deficit

Federal Debt Held by Public and Annual U.S. Deficit The U.S. budget deficit may quadruple in 2020 to almost $4 trillion, and the stimulus will take the U.S. national debt to wartime levels. Image: Bloomberg

Global Government Debt

Global Government Debt Global government debt has ballooned since the global financial crisis, reaching its highest level in peacetime. Image: Financial Times